Welcome on the pages of the "Forschungsschwerpunkt" (research focus) 212 (FSP 212) "NuSTAR.de" within the federal research program "Hadrons and Nuclei" of the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF). NuSTAR.de offers a networking platform to the German universities, which are engaged in basic research at the large research facility FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) in Darmstadt, within the international NUSTAR (Nuclear Structure, Astrophysics and Reactions) collaboration. Therefore, NuSTAR.de serves the coordination of contributions from the German university groups to planning, construction, and scientific use of the NUSTAR experimental facilities at FAIR.
Presently, the new international accelerator center FAIR is constructed in Darmstadt. FAIR is one of the largest research projects worldwide. At FAIR a variety of experiments will be possible, which physicists from all over the world expect to reveal new insights into the origin of matter and the evolution of the universe.
The NUSTAR collaboration will use the new accelerator facilities at FAIR for basic science with focus on the structure of atomic nuclei, nuclear astrophysics, and nuclear reactions. Atomic nuclei constitute the largest part of the visible mass in the universe. The are highly-complex many-body systems governed by the laws of quantum mechanics. The order of the quantum orbits in which proton and neutrons are moving mainly defines the stability and properties of nuclear matter. One observes astonishingly simple excitation modes of atomic nuclei, such as rotations or vibrations, to which protons and neutrons jointly contribute. Read More